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Quantum Theory Seminar - A model of d-wave superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and charge order on the square lattice - Maine Christos (Harvard)

Friday, April 21, 2023 at 3:30pm to 4:30pm

Virtual Event

A model of d-wave superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and charge order on the square lattice

Faculty Hosts: Chao-Mian Jian, and Debanjan Chowdhury

Dial-In Information

A model of d-wave superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and charge order on the square lattice

We describe the confining instabilities of a proposed quantum spin liquid underlying the pseudogap metal state of the hole-doped cuprates. The spin liquid can be described by a SU(2) gauge theory of Nf = 2 massless Dirac fermions carrying fundamental gauge charges—this is the low energy theory of a mean-field state of fermionic spinons moving on the square lattice with π-flux per plaquette in the Z2 center of SU(2). This theory has an emergent SO(5)f global symmetry, and is presumed to confine at low energies to the Néel state. At non-zero doping (or smaller Hubbard repulsion U at half-filling) we argue that confinement occurs via the Higgs condensation of bosonic chargons carrying fundamental SU(2) gauge charges also moving in π Z2-flux. At half-filling, the low energy theory of the Higgs sector has Nb = 2 relativistic bosons with a possible emergent SO(5)b global symmetry describing rotations between a dwave superconductor, period-2 charge stripes, and the time-reversal breaking ‘d-density wave’ state. We propose a conformal SU(2) gauge theory with Nf = 2 fundamental fermions, Nb = 2 fundamental bosons, and a SO(5)f ×SO(5)b global symmetry, which describes a deconfined quantum critical point between a confining state which breaks SO(5)f , and a confining state which breaks SO(5)b. The pattern of symmetry breaking within both SO(5)s is determined by terms likely irrelevant at the critical point, which can be chosen to obtain a transition between Néel order and d-wave superconductivity. A similar theory applies at non-zero doping and large U, with longer-range couplings of the chargons leading to charge order with longer periods.  

Speaker Bio: Maine Christos got her undergrad degree at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, and she is currently a PhD student at Harvard, under the supervision of Subir Sachdev, generally working on various phases in twisted bilayer graphene and the cuprates.

Faculty Hosts: Chao-Mian Jian, and Debanjan Chowdhury

Streaming site:

https://www.youtube.com/@quantumtheoryseminar6651/streams

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Event Type

Seminar

Departments

LASSP

University Themes

Research

Tags

physics, lassp, quantum_site, quantum_theory, quantum_lassp

Website

https://quantumtheory.physics.cornell...

Contact E-Mail

lassp-seminars@cornell.edu

Speaker

Maine Christos

Speaker Affiliation

Harvard University

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If you need accommodations to participate in this event, please contact us as soon as possible.

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Open to the Public

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