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Monday, September 16, 2019 at 11:40am to 1:10pm
Ives Hall, 115
B07 Tower Rd, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Katelyn Heath - Cornell University
Long-Run Impacts of Limiting Minority Student Access to Special Education
(Joint with Briana Ballis, University of California at Davis)
Abstract: Special education (SpEd) is a rapidly growing, increasingly expensive component of public education, yet little is known about the causal impact of SpEd on minority student outcomes. In 2004, Texas implemented policy capping district SpEd rates and Black and Hispanic disproportionality, defined as the percent of Black or Hispanic students in SpEd relative to the percent Black or Hispanic in each district. We utilize administrative panel data to implement a difference-in-differences strategy. The cap on overall SpEd enrollment led to decreases in minority students’ likelihood of remaining in SpEd, completing high school, attending college, and obtaining post-secondary degrees. The cap on Black disproportionality led to small increases in the likelihood of completing high school and attending college for Black students.