Cornell University

Department of Physics Colloquium

Monday, May 6, 2024 at 4:00pm to 5:00pm

Rockefeller Hall, 201, Schwartz Auditorium
Central Campus

General Physics Colloquium, Professor Stefano Sacanna, New York University

Title: Crystal Clear:  Enabling 3D Real Space Analysis of Ionic Colloidal Crystallization

Host:  Itai Cohen

Abstract:  This talk begins by addressing the key challenges and recent innovations in the field of controlled self-assembly, focusing on charged colloidal particles as model ions for constructing ionic colloidal crystals. To overcome these challenges, we utilize the polymer-attenuated Coulombic self-assembly method (PACS). This approach employs neutral polymer spacers to fine-tune inter-particle distances and electrical double-layer interactions, facilitating the precise assembly of colloids into crystalline structures. Building on this foundation, the presentation introduces a novel system of optically transparent and fluorescently-labeled colloidal particles. With the help of confocal microscopy, we are able to visualize these ionic colloidal crystals in three dimensions. This technological advancement not only allows for real-time structural analysis but also opens new avenues for understanding the underlying mechanisms of ionic colloidal crystallization. I’ll further discuss how the control over variables such as particle size ratios and salt concentrations leads to the formation of various crystal structures. This capability enables us to explore in great detail phenomena like crystal twinning and the occurrence of various lattice defects. In summary, the talk provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging frontiers in colloidal self-assembly, effectively bridging specialized crystallization techniques with real-time structural analysis.

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the US Army Research Office under award number W911NF-21-1-0011

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Event Type

Colloquium

Departments

CHESS, LASSP, Applied and Engineering Physics, Astronomy, Physics, LEPP, CLASSE

University Themes

Research

Tags

cascal, physics

Website

https://physics.cornell.edu/

Contact E-Mail

sfc1@cornell.edu

Contact Name

Sue Sullivan

Speaker

Professor Stefano Sacanna

Speaker Affiliation

New York University

Dept. Web Site

https://physics.cornell.edu/

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