Ismu Rini Dwi Ari, Brawijaya University, Department of Urban and Regional Planning
"Social Capital on Water Resources Management: A Social Network Approach To Understanding Community Involvement On Rural Wellspring Handling In Indonesia"
The good economic growth of Indonesia has not yet been accompanied by a parallel development of infrastructure and institutional capacity on water resource management. A large number of the population still lacks access to safe water and most of the population in villages and remote areas still rely on potentially contaminated water sources. Out of 72,944 villages, only 7,474 villages have been intervened and supported to establish community based organization to manage local water supply services. Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources. Much efforts in water resource management is directed at optimizing the use of water and in minimizing the environmental impact on the natural environment. Toyomarto is one of plateau villages in Malang regency which has a water management based on community participation. From this research, we investigate the extent to which different forms of community participation explain in HIPPAM sustainability using data collected from 100 rural communities in Toyomarto village. Data sources include household surveys and interviews with water committees and village leaders. HIPPAM is an abbreviation for a residents’ association of drinking water users, a voluntary association of villagers which creates and manages a piped water supply system within the scope of the local community. The Social Network Analysis (SNA) result shows the depth of community members’ involvement in water handling is positively associated with HIPPAM sustainability. This result illustrates strong social ties among villagers as functioning of bonding and bridging of social capital. However, there is no evident link to the government that can help them to increase the quality services of HIPPAM community group, as an overall picture of lack of linking social capital in the rural areas.
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