Monday, November 13, 2017 at 12:15pm to 1:30pm
Uris Hall, G08 Central Campus
The green revolution in Asia ushered in a period of extraordinary productivity growth in agriculture. Cereal production tripled, with only 30% increase in cultivated land, helping many countries that were hitherto relying on food aid to secure their food supply. Much of this success was attributed to high investments in crop research and infrastructure and market development strongly supported with appropriate policies. Southeast Asia and India were among the first regions to show impact of GR technology in rice and China and other regions were soon to catch up. The positive impacts of poverty reduction and lower food prices were soon evident. However, despite its achievements the Green Revolution had limits at social, environmental and economic levels.
This talk explores the impacts and limits of the GR strategy in poverty reduction in marginal areas, its impact on women, diversification and nutrition and also the environment that has led to slowdown in yield growth in recent years. It will highlight the lessons we have learned thus far and the policy focus needed for a ‘redux’ version of the Green Revolution, in line with a food systems approach – that takes into consideration economic development, nutritional security, social emancipation and environmental sustainability.
Prabhu Pingali is a Professor in the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell University, with a joint appointment in the Division of Nutritional Sciences, and the Founding Director of the Tata-Cornell Agriculture and Nutrition Institute (TCI). Prior to joining Cornell, he was the Deputy Director, Agricultural Development Division of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, from 2008–May 2013. In addition, he worked with the CGIAR for 15 years from 1987-2002, first with IRRI in the Philippines and then with CIMMYT in Mexico. Pingali is a member in the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and an AAEA Fellow. He has over three decades of experience working with some of the leading international agricultural development organizations as a research economist, development practitioner and senior manager. Pingali has written 10 books and over 100 referred journal articles and book chapters on food policy.