Millions of global populations are suffering from food caused health issues. Approximately 40% of the world’s population is facing with hidden hunger due to lack of essential micronutrients in commonly eaten staple foods. In addition, chronic, non-communicable diseases associated with obesity result in 36 million deaths globally in each year, more than all other causes combined. Today, double burdens of malnutrition, both micronutrient deficiency and excess calorie intake, has resulted in severe global health challenges. In addition, increasing human population of more than 90 million people to feed each year, global food demands are expected to double by 2050. With limited arable lands, decreasing soil fertility, climate change, and declining water resources, the present food systems are already challenged in providing sufficient nutrients rich foods. Therefore, to combat global micronutrient and calorie malnutrition, novel ways to produce nutritious foods are required. To this end, traditional food crops including pulses (lentil, field pea, and chickpea) have potentials to provide nutritious food solutions to human health challenges.
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