Cornell University

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Biophysics Colloquium with Ed Lyman

Wednesday, March 14, 2018 at 4:00pm to 5:00pm

Physical Sciences Building, 401
245 East Avenue

Rescheduled to March 14th

Ed Lyman, University of Delaware

Host: Gerald Feigenson

Identifying Loci of Cholesterol Interaction on Integral Membrane Proteins by Molecular Simulation

The G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are an 800 member superfamily of integral membrane proteins that share a common seven transmbrane helix topology, and relay signals in nearly every imaginable physiological context. They are also the target of between 30% and 50% of all clinically approved drugs. As integral membrane proteins, they are responsive to the membrane environment, including cholesterol. Accumulated experimental evidence suggests that there are cholesterol specific binding sites on the membrane facing surface of GPCRs, although direct measurements of cholesterol interactions and functional consequences thereof are limited. Using a combination of molecular dynamics techniques, we predict several cholesterol interaction sites on the surface of the A2A adenosine receptor, a GPCR that regulates excitable tissue and is a target for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. I will present experimental data from Anne Robinson’s lab (Tulane University) showing cholesterol dependent function of A2A, perhaps mediated by one of these locations. Finally, I will present very recent simulations and analysis of 14 different GPCRs, which show that some of these cholesterol interaction sites are quite common, and others are specific to GPCR subfamilies.

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Event Type

Seminar

Departments

LASSP

Tags

biophysics, biophysics_colloquium, lassp

Contact E-Mail

jdf55@cornell.edu

Contact Name

Jonathan

Contact Phone

255-8101

Speaker

Ed Lyman

Speaker Affiliation

University of Delaware

Open To

public

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