Cornell University

"Ploidy and size in the Arabidopsis sepal" - Dana Robinson

Friday, March 30, 2018 at 12:20pm

Plant Science Building, 404

Dana Robinson
Exit Seminar
Graduate Student, Roeder Lab, Plant Biology, Cornell University

Ploidy and size phenomena have been correlated across several biological scales, from subcellular to organismal. My thesis work quantifies nuclear size, cell size, and organ size in the Arabidopsis sepal to measure scaling relationships between ploidy and size. Our early experiments describe endopolyploidy (developmentally programmed ploidy change in individual cells); later experiments use an isogenic series of plants that are diploid, tetraploid, and octoploid to investigate the size effects of a change in “base” ploidy level. Highlights of our findings include:

-Altering the level of endoreduplication does not affect organ size.

-Cell area increases linearly with ploidy in polyploid plants, but organ area increases more modestly due to a compensatory decrease in cell number. This decrease arises late in development.

-A fixed karyoplasmic ratio describes the relationship between nuclear size and cell size, but cell size is not directly dependent on nuclear size. 

These results shed light on how size is regulated in plants and how cells and organisms of differing sizes are generated by ploidy change.

Event Type

Seminar

Departments

Plant Biology

Tags

nysaes, CALScomm, plant biology, sips

Website

https://plantbio.cals.cornell.edu/

Hashtag

#seminar

Contact E-Mail

tln2@cornell.edu

Contact Name

Tara Reed

Contact Phone

607.255.2131

Speaker

Dana Robinson

Speaker Affiliation

Cornell Unviersity

Open To

public

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