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5th Annual Cornell Biophysics Symposium with Samuel Hess

Saturday, November 9, 2019 at 8:00am to 5:00pm

Physical Sciences Building, 120
245 East Avenue

Keynote Speaker:

Samuel Hess, Professor of Physics, Physics and Astronomy, The University of Maine

Research Highlights from Cornell’s Field of Biophysics

Keynote

"Super-Resolution Microscopy: Technological Advances Coupled to Biological Insights"

Localization microscopy circumvents the diffraction limit by identifying and measuring the positions of numerous subsets of individual fluorescent molecules, ultimately producing an image whose resolution depends on the uncertainty and density of localization. Now that the diffraction barrier has been broken, what defines the best possible resolution that can be obtained? Photophysical studies coupled with a theoretical framework reveal that there is an optimal resolution for a given fluorescent marker imaged under a given set of conditions. Dark state transitions, fluorescence background, acquisition frame rate and illumination intensity all play a role in defining the spatial resolution for a given probe. Spectral resolution can be improved by incorporating a dispersive element in the detection path of a localization microscope, which can be useful for separation of multiple probes imaged simultaneously, and also for detection of changes in emission spectra of fluorophores resulting from changes in their (cellular) environment. Neural networks and new illumination geometries can improve the rate of identification of individual molecules, thus improving localization density and overall resolution. These methodological advances enable new biological applications, which in turn motivate new questions and technical innovations. In one such example, live- and fixed-cell imaging of the influenza viral protein hemagglutinin (HA), and host cell components, have revealed a relationship between HA, host cell actin, actin binding proteins, and the lipid phosphatidylinositol (4,5)bisphosphate (PIP2). Results will be discussed in the context of several existing models of plasma membrane organization.

Organizers

  • Marena Elle Minelli
  • Tyler Rozanitis
  • Michelle Wang

Poster

Program

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Event Type

Symposium

Departments

LASSP

Tags

biophysics, lassp, biophysics_colloquium

Website

http://www.symposium.biophysics.corne...

Hashtag

#biophysics

Contact E-Mail

jdf55@cornell.edu

Contact Name

Jonathan Fuller

Contact Phone

255-8101

Speaker

Samuel Hess

Speaker Affiliation

University of Maine

Disability Access Information

607-255-8101

Open To

registration required

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